(a)超过球台纵轴线进入对手区域；comes into opponent's half;
For now, let's just talk about fast topspin or counter-driving type rallies. Most beginners and intermediate players place the ball to two spots: either the middle backhand, or the middle forehand. Top players place the ball to three spots: wide backhand, wide forehand, and middle.
在实践指球定袋(指明下一杆所要击打的靶子球以及要进的球袋)法则的比赛中，选手击打哪颗指标球和进哪个球袋必需明显告知裁判或对手。至于进球的经过，例如碰触两次库边、是还是不是接触任何球，以及另外球是还是不是入袋则开玩笑。每叁次击球只可钦命一颗指标球和一球袋。指球定袋的明朗标准可由赛事组织委员会委员会在赛后进展规定。In games in which the shooter is required to call shots, the intended ball and pocket must be indicated for each shot if they are not obvious. Details of the shot, such as cushions struck or other balls contacted or pocketed are irrelevant. Only one ball may be called on each shot.
(d)选手击球须臾间两脚同不经常间离地；No foot on the floor;
Reprinted from the February, 1997 issue of Table Tennis Talk
女运动员的化装能够是外套、休闲外套、POLO衫(有领T恤衫)或然其余花样优雅、庄敬的女子上装。对裤装颜色未有特殊供给，要留心的是不允许穿着别样铅笔裤可能牛仔面料的裤子，女运动员可以穿着裙子加入竞技。鞋子必需是行业内部并且与一身装束相配的形式，不允许穿着运动鞋或凉鞋。在赛事经理允许的情事下选手能够穿着皮质或然仿皮材质的跑鞋。Women may wear a shirt, an elegant top, a dress, a blouse or a polo shirt. T-shirts are not permitted. Dress pants may be of any color. Denim/blue jeans of any color are forbidden. Female athletes may wear a skirt, which must cover the knees. Shoes must be elegant dress shoes that fit in the outfit. Sneakers and sandals are not allowed. Sports shoes with a dark top of leather or leather-like material are allowed but are subject to the tournament director's discretion.
If you place the ball to the middle backhand or forehand area, your opponent doesn't have to move to play his shot. If you put the ball wide to the corner, your opponent will have to either move or reach. Either way, he will not make as strong a shot on the average.
当运动员间现身争议状态，裁判将对她并不曾亲眼所见的事态开展处分，那时评判须要在玩命全面领会当下的状态后敬小慎微的作出处理罚款，这些进度能够总结询问其余目击者、重播竞技录相以及重新演示此前的击打进程等。当裁判被供给判决是不是有违反规则和章程情状出现，而与此同期没有明了的征象表鲜明实是违反规则和章程，除非在一方声称自身从不犯规时对方提议抗议，否则均假定未有犯规行为的发生。If a dispute arises between two players in an un-refereed match, and the area referee is asked to make a decision without having seen the cause of the dispute, he should be careful to understand the situation as completely as possible. This might include asking trusted witnesses, reviewing video playback, or reenacting the shot. If the area referee is asked to determine whether a foul occurred and there is no evidence of the foul except the claim of one player while the other player claims that there was no foul, then it is assumed that no foul occurred.
Related subject: how do you return these shots hit at your middle? If you have good footwork and a good forehand, you should probably try to play forehand whenever possible. (And there are those with such good backhands that they should favor them, but this is rarer.) A general rule would be this: If you are close to the table or have little time, favor your backhand; if you are away from the table, or have extra time, play your forehand. When playing the forehand, remember to get out of the way of the ball by moving away from it, so you can use your entire forehand hitting zone.
(e)目的球离开台面；Ball driven off the table;
13.输局 Losing the Rack
By Larry Hodges, USATT Certified National Coach
在一遍巡回赛或一回单独竞技开始后，球员无权置疑比赛协会者所提供器具的质感及权威性。相关抗议必得在较量规范起首前提议。After the tournament or a particular match has been started, the player has no right to question the quality or legality of any equipment provided by the Tournament Organizer unless supported by the referee or the tournament director; any protests must be made beforehand.
在那之中的落点，就比较复杂一点，因为对手移动到那边相比易于。对手的中档，大概是他击球手的肘部地点，介黄浩然反手之间。当你把有攻击性的球打在特别位置，你的对手须要1. 论断用正手仍旧用反手击球 2. 移动。这是贰个重新打击，所以对中间的强力击球，效果往往比打角落要好。（有个别运动员特别偏向正手或反手，所以对她们的话，中间落点在肘部的边沿一点）
(d)在评判宣判贰次违反规则和章程或裁定竞技延时后持续击球；continuing to play after a foul has been called or play has been suspended;
8.防止外部打扰 Outside Interference
7.3运动员击球后，未入袋的指标球和主球必需停留在台面上。如有任何指标球跳离台面均被视为合理消失，不再重新载入参数于台面。A ball is considered driven off the table if it comes to rest other than on the playing 三星GALAXY Tab but is not pocketed. Any object ball be driven off won’t be put back to the table in this rack. It is a foul to drive any ball off the table.
A very bad habit of many players is to place the ball to the middle backhand or forehand area when drilling, and to never practice shots to the middle. I'll say it again: what you do in practice you will do in a match. Change the way you drill, and add points to your rating!
3.重置球 Spotting Balls
(a)由原开球选手重新开球；The original breaker of the rack will break again;
Whenever you're practicing, always place the ball where you would in a tournament match. What you do in practice you will do in a match. But where should you place the ball?
(a)有对象球进袋 或许；At least one object ball is pocketed or;
如若一名健儿出现三遍违反规则和章程，他的对手获得自由击球权。If the shooter commits a foul, play passes to his opponent. The cue ball is in hand, and the incoming player may place it anywhere on the playing 三星GALAXY Tab.
(a)是一场竞赛的当世无双裁决者，对比赛后所爆发的一切作出裁决；be the sole judge of the match and determine all matters of fact relating to the rules, call fouls and take other action;
假设选手有须求裁定的事宜，首先应与评判交换，评判会作出最确切的论断。假诺选手对裁定有争论，能够向评判长随后是赛事老董进行申诉。在规范比赛中，赛事首席营业官的公开宣判是有最终决定性的论断。申诉者在每一趟申诉在此以前须要交纳申诉费，假设申诉退步申诉费不被退掉，申诉费的切切实实多少需在赛事秩序册依然赛后运动员会议上旗帜明显。If a player needs a decision to be taken, the first person to be contacted is the referee. The referee will form his decision by all means that seem suitable to him. If the player wants to protest against that ruling, he may contact the head referee and after that the tournament director. In any regular tournament, the tournament director’s decision is binding and final. A deposit from the protestor is required for such an appeal and it will be forfeited in case of an adverse final decision. The amount of deposit will be stated on program book or clarified on the player’s meeting before event.
The middle is a trickier area to play because it's somewhat of a moving target. Your opponent's middle is roughly his playing elbow, the midway point between his forehand and backhand. When you play a ball aggressively there, your opponent has to: 1) decide whether to play forehand or backhand; and 2) move. This is a "double-whammy," so strong shots to the middle are often better than shots to the corners. (Some players favor the forehand or backhand somewhat, and so the "middle" might be a little to the side of the elbow.)
(d)手套：选手得以选取帮助握杆或手架的手套。Gloves - The player may use gloves to improve the grip and/or bridge hand function.
假如判决判断爆发僵持的局面或恐怕产生僵局时，他应建议选手重新开球。但只要有选手拒绝，评判将同意比赛继续一段时间，一般来说，评判会让两岸再各出三杆或依其判别而另作决定。此后如对立局面仍未被张开，评判将宣布僵持的局面并摆球重新开端此局竞技，同期：If the referee thinks a position of stalemate exists, or is being approached, he shall offer the players the immediate option of re-starting the rack. If any player objects, the referee shall allow play to continue with the proviso that the situation must change within a stated period, usually after three more strokes to each side but at the referee’s discretion. If the situation remains basically unchanged after the stated period has expired, the referee shall re-rack all balls as for the start of a rack. And:
(e)开球线：平行于球台底库，距底库635mm , 并与左右两边库相交的直线。String: A straight line drawn 635mm from the face of bottom cushion and parallel to it, both sides meet the 2 side cushions.
(a)苦恼挑衅者；distracting the opponent;
The detailed requirement for calling a shot can be decided by the organizer of event before the event begins.
(i)开球线后的私自击打；Bad play from behind the string;
(d)在有违公平竞技准则时，评判有权推迟比赛进程，这种权力同样适用于出现争论时；suspend play when conditions do not permit fair play, also when a call or ruling is being disputed.
(h)辅助选手拿出或放回架杆等救助设施。may assist the player by getting and replacing the mechanical bridge.
Rules of Chinese Billiards
这包括 It includes,
Section 2. 比赛法则 Rules of Play
违反上述准绳的处分：对方获自由击球权。If any rule above is infringed, the opponent player will be awarded playing from the cue ball in hand.
7.5在贰还击打进度中，杆头不可能碰触主球五遍以上(含两遍)。If the cue-tip contacts the cue ball more than once on a shot, the shot is a foul.
19.对违反体育精神行为的判罚 Penalizing Unsportsmanlike Conduct
原开开球方可以将8号球重新恢复设置于置球点，并接受台面现存情况后续击球。it shall be re-spotted; the breaker have to accepts the balls in position and continue.
Section 3. 榜上盛名台球 The Game of Chinese Billiards
9.跳球 Jump Shot
比球是比赛后用来支配开球顺序的首先次击球。比球获胜的选手获得发球选拔权。The lag is the first shot of the match and determines order of play. The player who wins the lag chooses who will shoot first.
3.1.评判应当 The referee shall:
3.摆放球 Ball Racking
9.非选手困扰 Outside Interference
For a called shot to count, the referee must be satisfied that the intended shot was made, so if there is any chance of confusion, e.g. with bank, combination and similar shots, the shooter should indicate the ball and pocket. If the referee or opponent is unsure of the shot to be played, he may ask for a call.
9.2跳球时，击球者只好用杆头击打主球球面半数以上的区域。Only the top half of the cue ball can be hit by cue tip when playing a legal jump shot.
4.4发球时8号球入袋 If the eight ball is pocketed,
8.贴球 Touching Ball/Frozen Ball
(c)台面上有球尚未完全静止时击球；Play when there is any ball on the table still moving or spinning;
11.对竞技器械的暗中同意接受 Acceptance of Equipment
竞技进程中假使有非选手干扰发生並且影响到某次击球结果，评判应将全数相关的球放置回原本的职责，由该选手重新击球。假使此番干扰对击球结果没有导致影响，评判仅需再度放置受到搅扰的球，而竞赛继续展开。借使球已力不能及被停放回原本的职分，此局即判为僵持的局面。When outside interference occurs during a shot that has an effect on the outcome of that shot, the referee will restore the balls to the positions they had before the shot, and the shot will be replayed. If the interference had no effect on the shot, the referee will restore the disturbed balls and play will continue. If the balls cannot be restored to their original positions, the situation is handled like a stalemate.
(a)获得线后随机击球权或 shooting with the cue ball in hand behind the string. or
4.3发球时出现任何另外犯规行为，对手不得以挑选重复开球。The incoming player is not entitled to have the option of re-racking when any other foul (not mentioned above) occurs during the break shot.
(b)球杆：相当的短于101.6mm，制作材料及形状须符合中中原人民共和国台球组织的行业内部。Cue: A cue shall be not less than 101.6mm in length with shape and form must be of a design approved by CBSA.
(c)两方都出现非法比球。both lags are bad.
(h)不恰本地应用器具。using equipment inappropriately.
(e)接触两边库边或停留在角袋袋口并且已通过底库边线。touches the side cushion or the ball rests within the corner pocket and pass the nose of bottom cushion.
6.28号球必得在运动员击打完自个儿球组的富有指标球之后技巧指球定袋。The eight ball may be called only after the shot on which the shooter’s group has been cleared from the table.
(g)故意推迟比赛；delay of the game;
17.暂停 Time out
运动员若是因为药物原因等特种情状出现不适，赛事首席试行官可调动搁浅次数及时间。If a player is suffering from a medical condition, the tournament director may choose to adjust the number of time outs.
(c)接受台面现成情形，继续击球(主球出台或入袋除此而外)。 accepting the table in position and continue. (Except when cue ball scratch or be driven off the table)
(b)最少有四颗指标球碰触库边。At least four object balls must be driven to one or more rails.
8.2指标球与库边相贴时，主球击打该指标球后，该对象球必得离开库边后再一次碰触库边或有其余球(包罗主球)碰库边或有目的球入袋。A ball touching the rail at the start of a shot (said to be “frozen” to the rail) is NOT considered driven to that rail unless it leaves the rail and return. For a legal shot in such condition, please refer to Section 3 Rule 7.2
11.击打8号球 Shooting the Eight Ball
(c)架杆：选手得以同一时间使用最多二种架杆来辅助球杆。选手得以应用本身的架杆，但该架杆必得符合规定或得到当班值日评判承认。Mechanical Bridges - The player may use up to two mechanical bridges to support the cue stick during the shot. The configuration of the bridges is up to the player. He may use his own bridge if it is similar to standard bridges.
4.随机击球权 Cue Ball In Hand
5.线后随机球 Cue Ball In Hand Behind the String
5.1在发球后球局马上开放，此时运动员可先击打全色球以撞进花色球，反之亦可，但该进球无法使球局关闭，换由敌手出杆，球局仍为开放。The table is open after rack begins. When the table is "open", if player first hit the solid ball but ONLY strip ball pocketed, or vice versa, play passes to the other player, and the table remains "open".
20.申诉法规 Protest Ruling
(b)选手将本组最终一颗指标球击打入袋的同时击进8号球；The last ball of his group and the eight ball are pocketed in the same shot.
选手报名暂停应该在局与局之间，特殊情况除了。Normally, time out is taken between racks.
(a)球台：内沿尺寸2540×1270mm(允许引用误差 /-9mm)，从本地到库边顶上部分中度为800mm—850mm。Table: The playing area within the cushion faces shall measure 2540 x 1270mm with a tolerance on both dimensions of /-9mm. The height of table from the floor to the top of the cushion rail shall be from 800mm to 850mm.
15.非击球选手 Remaining In Player's Chair
(f)在球台上做标志；marking the table;
假诺出现下列情况，选手重新比球：The players will lag again if:
9.不可抗拒因素 Act of God
7.重新布署/复原球的岗位 Restoring a Position
运动员假若背离以下规定则输掉该局：The shooter loses if:
开放球局是指该局竞技中两组球的归属权尚未决定。The table is said to be "open" before the groups are determined.
The fifteen object balls are racked as tightly as possible in a triangle, with the apex ball on the spot and the eight ball as the first ball that is directly below the apex ball. One from each group of seven will be on the two lower corners of the triangle. The other balls are placed in the triangle without purposeful or intentional pattern.
违反上述准则的判罚：对方获自由击球权。If the jump shot is illegal, the opponent player will be awarded playing from the cue ball in hand.
如主球在刹那间差十分的少同时击中一颗合法目的球和一颗违规指标球何况难以看清先击中哪颗球时，这一场地被若是为合法目的球先被打中。If the cue ball strikes a legal object ball and a non-legal object ball at approximately the same instant, and it cannot be determined which ball was hit first, it will be assumed that the legal target was struck first.
非击球选手将肩负裁决的任务。假诺在击打前，击球选手感觉对手将不能对她的击打作出确切判罚，该选手得以让评判在一派观望这一击打进程。一样，非击球选手也得以在不自然或不情愿执裁某情状时寻求评判的推推搡搡。任何一方都有权暂停比赛直到他对竞技的执裁结果表示满意。The non-shooting player will perform all of the duties of the referee. If, prior to a particular shot, the shooting player feels that his opponent will not be able to properly judge the shot, he should ask the area referee to watch the shot. The non-shooting player may also ask for such attention if he feels that he is unable or is unwilling to rule on the shot. Either player has the power to suspend play until he is satisfied with the way the match is being refereed.
(b)原击球顺序不改造。The same established order of play been maintained.
(d)8号球步入非钦命球袋；pockets the eight ball in an uncalled pocket;
(a)将8号球抽出重新初始化于置球点上，并取得线后随机击球权或re-spotting the eight ball and shooting with cure ball in hand behind the string; or
8.1主球与台面上要击打客车指标球相贴时，选手击打主球后，必得使该指标球运动，且出杆方向未有界定，但击打动作必需领会。If the cue ball is touching an object ball at the start of shot, it is legal to shoot towards or partly into the ball. The touched object ball must move after the shot and the action of shot should be obvious. If this rule is infringed, the opponent player will be awarded playing from the cue ball in hand.
3.裁判 The Referee
(c)接触顶库超越三遍；contacts the top cushion more than once;
4.“区域评判”情势的比赛 Playing with an "Area" Referee
(d)球入袋或离开台面；is pocketed or driven off the table;
- The player may apply chalk to his tip to prevent miscues, and may use his own chalk, provided its color is compatible with the baize.
12.选手对器具的施用 Player's Use of Equipment
(b)接受台面全部球的职分，继续击球(主球出台或入袋除了这几个之外)。re-spotting the eight ball and accepting the table in position. (Except when cue ball scratches or be driven off the table)
(g)连击; Double hit;
选手采纳的器材必需符合中中原人民共和国台球组织对器械的显著。平日来讲，选手们不得以在竞技前运用别的新型器具。以下谈到的器械是官方的。固然一名健儿对器具的某一破例用途有疑点，应当在较量前询问赛事组织委员会委员会并得到分明回答。除了器械自个儿设计的应用方法外，选手不得变动其用途。The equipment must meet existing CBSA equipment specifications. In general, players are not permitted to introduce novel equipment into the game. The following uses, among others, are considered normal. If the player is uncertain about a particular use of equipment, he should discuss it with the tournament management prior to the start of play. The equipment must be used only for the purpose or in the manner that the equipment was intended.
在别的动静下当一颗球要求再一次被摆放或复原时，独一有权单独实施该任务的是评判。评判可以以任何方式在适当的日子实行该法规，何况可以了然双方选手，任一选手所建议未有争论的提议足以被选拔。任一选手可对宣判的见地建议一遍争论，但在那今后，评判的尾声判断将决定球的再一次布置或复原来的地方置。In any case a position of balls needs to be amended it is solely the referee's duty and responsibility to perform this task. He may form his opinion by any means he considers appropriate at the time. He may consult one or both players on that, however, the particular player’s opinion is not binding and his judgment can be amended. Each involved player has the right to dispute the referee’s judgment just once, but after that it is the referee’s discretion to restore the ball or balls.
7.同一时候击中 Split Hits
3.3.一旦判决未能注意到某纠纷处境，他得以参见在场的记分员，其余赛事工作职员或看台南所处最好地方观者的视角后作出裁定。If the referee has failed to notice any incident, he may at his discretion take the evidence of the marker or other officials or spectators best placed for the observation to assist his decision.
(d)置球点：球台纵向中线上距顶库635mm的点。The Spot: 635mm from a point perpendicularly below the face of the top cushion.
全部违犯禁令行为不可不在下一出杆前做出判决，不然视为未生出任何犯规行为。If a foul is not called before the next shot begins, the foul is assumed not to have happened.
7.2运动员击球后，若未有对象球入袋，须至少有1颗球碰触库边(含主球)。If no ball is pocketed on a shot, the cue ball must contact an object ball, and after that contact at least one ball (cue ball or any object ball) must be driven to a rail.